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Mine Önal

Learning Theories - 1 views

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    There are many theories in this page that we should be interested in in this page as learning learnings students. An example of two groundbreaking research results in learning learnings is (1) Entwistle's Phenomenography learning This conceptual framework focuses on the experience of learning from the student's perspective and is based upon a phenomenological approach to research. Entwistle explains: "Our task is thus to describe more clearly how learning takes place in higher education and to point out how teaching and assessment affect the quality of learning. From these descriptions teachers should be able to draw their own lessons about how to facilitate their students' learning" (Marton, Hounsell & Entwistle, 1984, p.1). (2) Festinger's Cognitive Dissonance learning According to cognitive dissonance learning, there is a tendency for individuals to seek consistency among their cognitions (i.e., beliefs, opinions). When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors (dissonance), something must change to eliminate the dissonance. In the case of a discrepancy between attitudes and behavior, it is most likely that the attitude will change to accommodate the behavior.
SEDA MUSAOĞLU

2 important figures - 10 views

Roy Pea has many publications in the field of learning learnings and on learning technology design. He made important contributions to the understanding of how people learn with technology. He is a ...

started by SEDA MUSAOĞLU on 12 Oct 14 no follow-up yet
Evrim Baran

Donald Clark Plan B: 9 reasons why I am NOT a Social Constructivist - 1 views

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    I am curious about what you think on this. Do you agree?
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    Hocam, I think this guy has an introvert personality. If he doesn't, perhaps he took a course from a teacher who made him feel fed up with pair and group work activities :-)) I have read the comments of other people under the article and I liked the one made by Doug. As Doug stated, Donald Clark compares different perspectives in a linear manner, but these thinkers represent different developmental periods of the theory. So he should have made comparisons considering the development of the theory to be more plausible. For his overall comments at the end of his article, I can say that what he mentions ("Those with good digital literacy, literacy, numeracy and other skills will have the social support, especially at home") is not something peculiar to the results of this theory. We used to have more segragations in the societies when former theories were dominant. So his comment doesn't seem logical to me. He also mentions that some learners like studying alone, which is not supported by this theory. Of course sometimes we need some isolation to think, analyze and synthesize, but this doesn't make us forget about the advantages of peer theory. There is a saying, "two heads are better than one". As we discussed in the classroom, we learn better when we are cognitively engaged and in my opinion, "engagement" requires contradictory or contributory comments made by other members of the society. It doesn't take place without interactions. To sum up, the theory may have some limitations, but I prefer it to the older ones :-)
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    While reading I felt that the author is somewhat close to new ideas coming from other people, other thinkers, actually coming from the rest of the world. I mean as I understood at some parts, he is not open to accept the judgements or theories of some thinkers because what they said were already out there, they did not bring anything new. However I would name these people as men of action and thinkers ahead of their time. Because they draw attention to critical points that were ignored or missed by others. Maybe yes what they put forth were already out there or maybe some of their methods are not sufficient compared to our current methodologies but still they were the ones to see the complete picture and summarize things.
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    Thank you Evrim Hocam:) I strongly believe in community, wikinomy, we have to share, we can learn from each other in an informal environment but social constructivism is not working on me:) As he wrote "At University I learned almost everything in the quiet of my own room and the library. In corporate life, I relished the opportunity to learn on trains and planes, havens of forced isolation, peace and quiet. To this day I blog a lot and enjoy periods of intense research, reading and writing. It's not that I've learned everything in these contexts, only that they go against the idea that all learning needs to be social." I always got successful with deliberate practice and with "learning by Doing". I don't like social media as well, there are many damages than benefits and I'm not so introvert, maybe a little:) but it's not about being introvert or extrovert, it's about talking or doing... I want to tell a real story of my friend who was a novice programmer in a company. There were many experts, novices and they were taking courses, online, offline, with collaboration every time. Everybody were sharing, commenting, discussing but he began a real life project first week by himself and after 6 month they were still asking to each other but he finished his project. After one year he was the best programmer in the company. And everyone began to ask to him. I asked him, he told that he believes in working until suffering and just doing:) And he added this interesting sentence "You will learn and you will be successful when you will be so related, so suffering that one day you will see dreams and solve problems about the topics in your sleep" My friend's opinions are maybe a little bit dramatic but I believe in "doing" too, at least it's working for us:)
Rukiye Ayan

Two Important Researchers in the Field of Learning Learning - 6 views

David Paul Ausubel (1918-2008) was an American psychologist and cognitive learning theoriest who had a significant contribution to the areas of educational psychology, cognitive learning, and scienc...

started by Rukiye Ayan on 13 Oct 14 no follow-up yet
Emrah Baki Basoglu

Seymour Papert and Stephen Krashen - 10 views

Hi all! Let me introduce two researchers who have made important contributions to learning learnings. The first name is Seymour Papert, who established connections with Piaget's developmental psycho...

learning LearningScience theory krashen technology

started by Emrah Baki Basoglu on 12 Oct 14 no follow-up yet
Özlem Duran Ataalp

2 important people in the field of learning learnings - 5 views

Hi everyone!!! I'd like to share information about Jean Piaget and Janet L. Kolodner, whom I find quite important in the field of learning learnings. Everyone who studied teaching should be quite fa...

piaget cognitive kolodner case-basedreasoning

started by Özlem Duran Ataalp on 12 Oct 14 no follow-up yet
Mine Önal

Learning Theories - 0 views

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    One of the key issues to look at when examining any Learning Learning is Transfer of Learning. Indeed, this is such an important idea, that it is a field of research in its own right. Researchers and practitioners in this field work to understand how to increase transfer of Learning -- how to teach for transfer.
leventmetu

ANN LESLIE BROWN - 3 views

Ann Leslie Brown (1943-1999) was an educational psychologist who developed methods for teaching children to be better learners. Her interest in the human memory brought Brown to focus on active mem...

http:__edr.sagepub.com_content_28_7_33.full.pdf+html

started by leventmetu on 22 Oct 13 no follow-up yet
elanuryilmaz

All Learning Is Emotional - 2 views

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    "Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn." ― Benjamin Franklin In the area of adult learning, Ben Franklin turns out to be quite prescient.
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    I also believe that the power of emotions in the learning. I think that if we can situmulate the emotions in lesson, we can make lessons more intesting, enjoable and the knowledge gathered through this lesson will be long lasting. Threfore, as it is stated in the article, teachers should create situations that situmalte students' emotions.
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    That's true. Education is a social-emotional act. As I said in my personal learning learning, teaching humans is not like inserting lines of codes to series of robots to make them behave in a specific way. We all have emotions and our emotions to a specific event may not be same all the time as our point of views to an event are affected by our personal experiences, culture, philosophy, etc. In that sense, for a teacher, it is important to monitor students' feelings to a specific topic and to arrange learning environments in which students have positive feelings about a topic.
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    "Introduce failure into your learning design." something we appreciate less in our educational system.
Evrim Baran

Learning Learning v5 - What are the established Learning theories? - 3 views

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    A concept map example
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    what a nice summary and space for reading :) more than a map :)) - hocam o nasıııl bişey yaaa :)
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    Hocam, I will definitely print it out and hang on the wall. Thank you:)
Özlem Tantu

Computers 'do not improve' pupil results, says OECD - BBC News - 5 views

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    Investing heavily in school computers and classroom technology does not improve pupils' performance, says a global study from the OECD. The think tank says frequent use of computers in schools is more likely to be associated with lower results. The OECD's education director Andreas Schleicher says school technology had raised "too many false hopes". These results worth to be disscussed. Shall we go back to traditional classrooms or continue with technology? If so, how should we use it in the classroom?
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    I deeply believe the power of motivation to learn and classroom technology can be used to enhance students' motivation in learning of the specific content. Still, it is open to debate effective use of technology in classrooms, especially in our country. To deal with this inefficiency of classroom technology, we need to focus on teachers' technology literacy and try to develop this literacy.
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    Hi Özlem Hoca, BBC news you shared with us is very advisable to our friends. (1) I agree that computers may have the possibility to be distractors for learning and they may be abused by some students. Students may prefer to use computers for activities other than for school activities. When I was an intern teacher, I wanted to show how a literature search is performed to my 20, 9th grade "Project" (noncredit course) students in 2006, I ended up running from one student to another because as I leave him/her with his/her search, s/he began to sign in facebook and their emails. (2) I also agree that plagiarism may occur in homeworks due to internet resources. (3) Another interesting opinion in this news is that "We're training the students to use technology which hasn't yet been invented." We are training the students to the future that is not defined, not yet clear.
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    I think integrating technology in classrooms is inevitable as computers have been being used in lots of areas in the world and it is a little bit optimistic to assume that education will escape from this "invasion". Today's students live with technology and indeed, technology can enhance the representation of a topic, communication among learners, eliminate time and space limitations in reaching information, etc. The article says that "frequent" use of computers in schools is more likely to be associated with lower results. Instead of frequent use, one should know how one can healthily get benefit from computers, when to use it, how to use it, when not to use it, etc. Those questions are still major questions in modern educational science research. Findings from such research can enhance the positive impact of technology in classrooms.
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    Having read this week's reading assignment, a part of which focuses on this particular result, I felt the need to comment on your share Özlem hocam. It is mentioned in Chapter 1: Introduction that "in the 1980s, cognitive scientists like Roger Schank and Seymour Papert made claims that computers would transform the schools and learning. This was a rather radical claim and it helped form a strong consensus among parents, bussiness community, politicians that getting computers into schools was a must. During 1990s, installing computers and the Internet in schools was a major trend. By 2003, 95% of all the schools in the US had their computers and were connected to the Internet. However, the impact of this huge investment was highly disappointing. Studies had shown computer use was not correlated with improved student performance. When the reserachers began to study to find the reason, they found out that the computer use in schools was not based on learning learnings; instead, they were being used as an extension of instructional classroom. By this I mean, bringing technology to the classrooms was not enough without changing the structure of instruction. Educational software has been based on instructionist theories, with the computer performing roles that are traditionally performed by the teacher. Teachers and students were not aware of how to use those computers efficiently. Students read the texts on the computers instead of reading them on books.learning scientists continue to emphasize the powerful role that computers can play in transforming all learning. But they reject instructionalism and behaviorism. Instead, they present a new vision of computers in schools. They suggest that computer should take on a more facilitating role, helping learners have the kind of experiences that lead to deep learning."
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    It is an important an overwhelming issue about how we integrate technology into education. A well-balanced implementation is required for successful instruction between the use of technology and traditional methods like paper-pencil activities (Hitt, 2011). We should not force technology and traditional instruments like paper-pencil and blackboards fight against themselves. We may play the role of negotiator between the technology and traditional methods.
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    Perhaps, we need to focus more on the pedagogy rather than the technology.
haticekiz

E- government: A Course in Situated Learning - 2 views

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    This is a nice little newsletter that mentions some characteristics of situated learning. Some resources on situated learning and its usage in learning environments are offered !
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    I liked this source too much. As the role of the teacher: "The instructor's role moves from providing and structuring the information and knowledge through lectures and presentations to modeling, coaching, and scaffolding learners as they use information and create knowledge to solve contextual real-life problems". I ask myself: To what extent, I create such authentic environments in my classes.
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    That is such an inevitable and reasonable concern; the extent we imply authentic environments in our classrooms. Sometimes it is for the sake of applying without including the essential elements of authentic learning. Time concerns or motivation and knowledge levels of teachers might be some issues related.
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    Firstly, it was a nice source to read, thanks for sharing it. I agree with you time concerns, teacher and student charateristics are prominent to implement the principles of situated learning in practice. It is really difficult to create authentic learning environment in our classes under the stess of keeping up with the curriculum which is based on traditional theories of learning. Thus, it is the work of the curriculum specialists to revise the curricula to be more in line with the improvements in the field of learning learnings.
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    There is a case study which I really advise you to look at it. It is about a political course in which they took a government's problem about content and design of websites. He says "given all the considerations at work in municipal government, the students will decide how the power of the web can best be brought to bear on making government work better."
Murat Kol

Science Fair Projects - Do we learn better by reading or listening - 0 views

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    We have heard some ideas or theories about better learning from our teachers during the school years. I had organized some learning fairs during my past teaching years. However none of them was in the project settings. In this project students learn how to carry out a research about how we learn by reading and listening. In your opinion, which one results in more information retained, reading or listening?
Ezgi Hazal KÖK

What is Situated Learning? - 4 views

shared by Ezgi Hazal KÖK on 04 Nov 13 - No Cached
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    the page briefly and clearly defines what situated learning is, and shows how to create authentic learning contexts by using digital media. There are very short videos showing situated learning genres and some handouts which can be helpful in the class.
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    This is a very helpful and rich source for us, thank you for sharing it. Especially the situated documentary idea is very interesting I think. Making use of technology, simulations, games are such effective ways for solving the mismatch between classrooms and real-world situations.
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    I really liked the use of situated learning genres to make some theoretical concepts more concrete via real world experiences and scenarios. These genres can be integrated with classroom practices depending upon the specific requirements of the subject area, learner group and curricula to be implemented. While watching the video I thought that the situated documentary would help me while learning history when I was at high school. I had difficult times trying to learn history by reading dull history books.
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    As you mentioned Pınar, the videos on the website helped me to get the theory very well because of some concrete examples. And also the video "field research" provides a good example for theory and vocabulary teaching, I think.
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    While I was reading about interactive case scenarios, I remembered some of my friends playing a game on the Internet called "fantasy role play". I am sure most of us have already heard about it because it is very popular among METU students. Actually the major aim of the game is to have some fun, but it can also be organized as a learning tool.
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    Thanks for sharing the examples. I already started thinking about how to integrate these into teacher training programs.
nehirkv

Flow Theory and Research - 0 views

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    An interview about flow theory and research with Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi who is a professor.
Ceren Korkmaz

Comparison of Learning Theories - 8 views

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    Here's a simple comparison of learning theories (behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism).
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    It's very basic and informative ;)
Ezgi Hazal KÖK

Roger Schank - 0 views

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    Schank is one of the leading pioneers in artificial intelligence, cognitive science and science science. One of his quotes has gripped my attention when I had a look at his page. He states "Education must remain a process where an individual learns to discover oneself and, in doing so, endeavour to improve the human condition. For our future, it is important that we teach our children that reading and science can be enjoyable and intrinsically rewarding." He emphasizes how important science by doing is, and believes that we should put conventional teaching methods aside because these make school horrible. In order to make it less horrible, softwares,let's say, technology should be involved in existing educational system, which is already broken.
nehirkv

Case-based reasoning - 0 views

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    This video mentioned about a film noir murder mystery. Gadget solved this crime with case-based reasoning :)
Özlem Tantu

Responsibility and Transparency in Design-based Research - 1 views

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    Dr. Tom Reeves discusses issues of ethics surrounding data collection, theory generalization, and tool generation to help design-based researchers conduct socially responsible research
vahidetekeakay

Multiple Roles and Multiple Researchers in Design-based Research - 1 views

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    Dr. Susan McKenney discusses the balancing act that design-based researchers have as they take on multiple roles as researchers, designers, and practitioners. She also discusses the collaborative environment created by conducting research with multiple people on the research team.
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