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Mine Önal

Learning Theories - 1 views

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    There are many theories in this page that we should be interested in in this page as learning sciences students. An example of two groundbreaking research results in learning sciences is (1) Entwistle's Phenomenography learning This conceptual framework focuses on the experience of learning from the student's perspective and is based upon a phenomenological approach to research. Entwistle explains: "Our task is thus to describe more clearly how learning takes place in higher education and to point out how teaching and assessment affect the quality of learning. From these descriptions teachers should be able to draw their own lessons about how to facilitate their students' learning" (Marton, Hounsell & Entwistle, 1984, p.1). (2) Festinger's Cognitive Dissonance learning According to cognitive dissonance learning, there is a tendency for individuals to seek consistency among their cognitions (i.e., beliefs, opinions). When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors (dissonance), something must change to eliminate the dissonance. In the case of a discrepancy between attitudes and behavior, it is most likely that the attitude will change to accommodate the behavior.
canannn

Bandura's Bobo Doll Experiment - 1 views

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    I am interested in social learning learning and this famous experiment can let us discuss this alternate view on learning in the classroom. Is it influential after 50 years?
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    I, the one who is into Social Learning Learning, believe that there are three important factors influencing each other; these are Person, Environment and Behavior like the Learning says and like this experiment talks about. Apart from this, according to Albert Bandura, who is the owner of the Learning, people set their own goals, monitor themselves (self-observation), evaluate their own behavior (judgment), and then have self-response. It's like a cycle and in the end Learning occurs. In addition to that, in order to reach the biggest goal people can set sub-goals and flexibility about immediate tasks. Moreover, in this Learning to learn something from our failures and not to give up because of our failures are some of the major points. So as you said, this Learning might be an alternative view on teaching and Learning in the class, which means students may set their own sub-goals going straight to their own biggest goal (Learning and performance).
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    Yes actually following this experiment, we know that it has been influential in education. But still today, it provides us with alternate views for our classrooms.
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    Canan, I think social learning learning will be alive until societies will die..:) Main concern of the learning is related to people who is living in the society. However we could not mention the social learning in online learning or distance education settings which is without interaction between learns and instruction. Interaction at least observation of someone leads revealing social learning in every settings.
Murat Kol

How can the Situated Learning Learning be situated online? - 2 views

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    When situated learning learning (SLT) is investigated, it can be seen that most of the articles or documents mention learning by doing within an actual context. The first thing that comes to mind is the real world environment while someone mentions the SLT. What if we want to form a "legitimate peripheral participation" environment to learn a concept by the boundaries of online platforms? How can we design online platforms by using situated learning learning?
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    "Participation Learning becomes a social process dependent upon transactions with others. Learning is not separated from the world of action but exists in robust, complex, social environments made up of actors, actions, and situations. How to incorporate participation in online Learning? *Create discussion boards to enable students to reflect socially *Encourage engagement in discussions and issues presented *Require students to present/defend their arguments in forums, discussion groups, bulletin boards *Encourage students to engage in critical reflection with other *Instructors should continually assess the growth of the student, and let the student know " These are the principles applied in our 542 course. We are experiencing situated cognition in progress.
SEDA MUSAOĞLU

2 important figures - 10 views

Roy Pea has many publications in the field of learning sciences and on learning technology design. He made important contributions to the understanding of how people learn with technology. He is a ...

started by SEDA MUSAOĞLU on 12 Oct 14 no follow-up yet
Evrim Baran

Donald Clark Plan B: 9 reasons why I am NOT a Social Constructivist - 1 views

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    I am curious about what you think on this. Do you agree?
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    Hocam, I think this guy has an introvert personality. If he doesn't, perhaps he took a course from a teacher who made him feel fed up with pair and group work activities :-)) I have read the comments of other people under the article and I liked the one made by Doug. As Doug stated, Donald Clark compares different perspectives in a linear manner, but these thinkers represent different developmental periods of the theory. So he should have made comparisons considering the development of the theory to be more plausible. For his overall comments at the end of his article, I can say that what he mentions ("Those with good digital literacy, literacy, numeracy and other skills will have the social support, especially at home") is not something peculiar to the results of this theory. We used to have more segragations in the societies when former theories were dominant. So his comment doesn't seem logical to me. He also mentions that some learners like studying alone, which is not supported by this theory. Of course sometimes we need some isolation to think, analyze and synthesize, but this doesn't make us forget about the advantages of peer theory. There is a saying, "two heads are better than one". As we discussed in the classroom, we learn better when we are cognitively engaged and in my opinion, "engagement" requires contradictory or contributory comments made by other members of the society. It doesn't take place without interactions. To sum up, the theory may have some limitations, but I prefer it to the older ones :-)
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    While reading I felt that the author is somewhat close to new ideas coming from other people, other thinkers, actually coming from the rest of the world. I mean as I understood at some parts, he is not open to accept the judgements or theories of some thinkers because what they said were already out there, they did not bring anything new. However I would name these people as men of action and thinkers ahead of their time. Because they draw attention to critical points that were ignored or missed by others. Maybe yes what they put forth were already out there or maybe some of their methods are not sufficient compared to our current methodologies but still they were the ones to see the complete picture and summarize things.
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    Thank you Evrim Hocam:) I strongly believe in community, wikinomy, we have to share, we can learn from each other in an informal environment but social constructivism is not working on me:) As he wrote "At University I learned almost everything in the quiet of my own room and the library. In corporate life, I relished the opportunity to learn on trains and planes, havens of forced isolation, peace and quiet. To this day I blog a lot and enjoy periods of intense research, reading and writing. It's not that I've learned everything in these contexts, only that they go against the idea that all learning needs to be social." I always got successful with deliberate practice and with "learning by Doing". I don't like social media as well, there are many damages than benefits and I'm not so introvert, maybe a little:) but it's not about being introvert or extrovert, it's about talking or doing... I want to tell a real story of my friend who was a novice programmer in a company. There were many experts, novices and they were taking courses, online, offline, with collaboration every time. Everybody were sharing, commenting, discussing but he began a real life project first week by himself and after 6 month they were still asking to each other but he finished his project. After one year he was the best programmer in the company. And everyone began to ask to him. I asked him, he told that he believes in working until suffering and just doing:) And he added this interesting sentence "You will learn and you will be successful when you will be so related, so suffering that one day you will see dreams and solve problems about the topics in your sleep" My friend's opinions are maybe a little bit dramatic but I believe in "doing" too, at least it's working for us:)
Hatice Çilsalar

Learning Theories, Learning Models, Learning Learning Summaries - in Plain English! - 2 views

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    Theories, Models, and Frameworks of Learning for Educational Research and Practice. This knowledge base features Learning theories, models, and frameworks that address how people learn. Each one is summarized and discussed in an easy-to-read, easy-to-understand format. This site is useful for students and scholars of various fields, including educational psychology, instructional design, digital media and Learning, and more.
Rukiye Ayan

Two Important Researchers in the Field of Learning Science - 6 views

David Paul Ausubel (1918-2008) was an American psychologist and cognitive learning theoriest who had a significant contribution to the areas of educational psychology, cognitive science, and scienc...

started by Rukiye Ayan on 13 Oct 14 no follow-up yet
Burcu Korkusuz

Contemporary Learning Theories - 3 views

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    Contemporary Theories of Learning - Learning Theorists...in Their Own Words - Knud Illeris >>> http://tr.scribd.com/doc/152409290/Contemporary-Theories-of-Learning-Learning-Theorists-in-Their-Own-Words-Knud-Illeris#download
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    Thank you for the source, I found it last week too and I believe it is a very comprehensive source that can guide us in this course.
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    Thanks for sharing the link. I found it in the METU library too. I can bring it to our class on Thursday. We can benefit from it for the discussion sessions or refer to it in our personal learning theories.
satiburhanli

4 Ways to Apply the Situated Learning Learning - 1 views

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    What is the Situated Learning Learning? Situated Learning, simply put, is Learning that takes place in the same context in which it is applied. It was first proposed by Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger as a model of Learning in among group of people who share a craft and/or a profession, i.e., a community of practice.The basic tenet of the Learning is that abstract knowledge usually given in the classroom is harder to retain.
Emrah Baki Basoglu

Seymour Papert and Stephen Krashen - 10 views

Hi all! Let me introduce two researchers who have made important contributions to learning sciences. The first name is Seymour Papert, who established connections with Piaget's developmental psycho...

learning LearningScience theory krashen technology

started by Emrah Baki Basoglu on 12 Oct 14 no follow-up yet
Mine Önal

Instructional Design Models And Theories: The Situated Cognition Theory And The Cognitive Apprenticeship Model - eTheory Industry - 1 views

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    Situated cognition theory
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    I like this website; it gives the connection between situated learning and current educational necessities like modeling, scaffolding. In the class, these are expected from us and it really helps students visualize the target point. Thank you for sharing it with us.
Hatice Çilsalar

theories of learning - 2 views

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    A sum of the theories of learning topic..
Mine Önal

Learning Theories - 0 views

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    One of the key issues to look at when examining any Learning Learning is Transfer of Learning. Indeed, this is such an important idea, that it is a field of research in its own right. Researchers and practitioners in this field work to understand how to increase transfer of Learning -- how to teach for transfer.
leventmetu

ANN LESLIE BROWN - 3 views

Ann Leslie Brown (1943-1999) was an educational psychologist who developed methods for teaching children to be better learners. Her interest in the human memory brought Brown to focus on active mem...

http:__edr.sagepub.com_content_28_7_33.full.pdf+html

started by leventmetu on 22 Oct 13 no follow-up yet
elanuryilmaz

Jean Lave, Etienne Wenger and communities of practice - 1 views

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    Here is a website telling about communities of practice, situated learning and legitimate peripheral participation. You can check for an overview about situated learning.
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    "Many of the ways we have of talking about learning and education are based on the assumption that learning is something that individuals do". This is a really nice article that outlines the learning and its applications and some issues related to situated learning learning are pointed out.
Erdem Uygun

Constructivism, Social Constructivism and Situated Cognition: A Sliding Scale | nishancperera - 2 views

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    When I read about situated cognition, I saw that cognitive constructivism, social constructivism and situated cognition are the same in manner that all reject objectivist point of view to teaching. However, since they are three different theories, I wonder what makes them different from each other.  I encountered this article in which differences are well emphasized. According to the article: Cognitive constructivism says that people learn by building on their previous experiences with the environment. Since individuals have different history of experiences, same type of didactic teaching is not effective. Cognitive constructivism focuses on mainly individual. Social constructivism purports that knowledge are co-constructed by members of groups from different cultural backgrounds and learning environments should foster collaborative learning. Social constructivism mainly focuses on groups rather than individuals. Situated cognition, on the other hand, suggests that regardless of the fact that concepts are handled as individuals or as groups, if those concepts are not taught within their actual-natural context, learning of those concepts are meaningless and inert. Situated cognition mainly focuses on the context.
Evrim Baran

Learning Learning v5 - What are the established Learning theories? - 3 views

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    A concept map example
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    what a nice summary and space for reading :) more than a map :)) - hocam o nasıııl bişey yaaa :)
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    Hocam, I will definitely print it out and hang on the wall. Thank you:)
sibeldogan

The Situated Learning Learning - 0 views

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    The video is generally about what is situated learning learning, how it is occurred, what is the Community of Practice and its structural elements. In the video, it is explained that Lave and Wenger observed different populations that learning takes place in social situations with other people thus the situated learning learning was born.
elanuryilmaz

All Learning Is Emotional - 2 views

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    "Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn." ― Benjamin Franklin In the area of adult learning, Ben Franklin turns out to be quite prescient.
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    I also believe that the power of emotions in the learning. I think that if we can situmulate the emotions in lesson, we can make lessons more intesting, enjoable and the knowledge gathered through this lesson will be long lasting. Threfore, as it is stated in the article, teachers should create situations that situmalte students' emotions.
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    That's true. Education is a social-emotional act. As I said in my personal learning learning, teaching humans is not like inserting lines of codes to series of robots to make them behave in a specific way. We all have emotions and our emotions to a specific event may not be same all the time as our point of views to an event are affected by our personal experiences, culture, philosophy, etc. In that sense, for a teacher, it is important to monitor students' feelings to a specific topic and to arrange learning environments in which students have positive feelings about a topic.
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    "Introduce failure into your learning design." something we appreciate less in our educational system.
E.Yasin Çiftçi

Design‐based research: designing a multimedia environment to support language learning - 2 views

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    Adopting a design-based research methodology, this study used digital video technology to support reflective tasks for language learning in multimedia environments. The emphasis was on the improvement of oral communication skills. The reflective tasks used in this study were exposed to iterative design process and the whole research process was driven by two underlying learning theories. This iterative and learning driven design reflects the nature of DBR well.
  • ...1 more comment...
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    Hi Yasin, thanks for sharing the research study. It is a good example for DBR, like you said, as it includes a theory driven iterative process which is one of the most fundamental characteristics of DBR.
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    Is there ant iteration in the design here? Or is it the implementation of three different courses?
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    Hocam, students' reflective practice happened in different formats each year. To be more specific, task-completion tools and task-completion formats were exposed to an iterative design. Each year a different tool and a format were implemented and the reflection by the students progressed in an iterative way though it was conducted with different classes. For example, in 2006, students of Class 1 reviewed their presentations in a multimedia player and reflected on it via a word-processing program. In 2008, YouTube was used for their presentations and they had a collaborative reflective task after being paired with each other. So, a different design was applied for each year but in an iterative fashion.
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