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AI Inventing Its Own Culture, Passing It On to Humans, Sociologists Find - 0 views

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    ""As expected, we found evidence of a performance improvement over generations due to social learning," the researchers wrote. "Adding an algorithm with a different problem-solving bias than humans temporarily improved human performance but improvements were not sustained in following generations. While humans did copy solutions from the algorithm, they appeared to do so at a lower rate than they copied other humans' solutions with comparable performance." Brinkmann told Motherboard that while they were surprised superior solutions weren't more commonly adopted, this was in line with other research suggesting human biases in decision-making persist despite social learning. Still, the team is optimistic that future research can yield insight into how to amend this."
dr tech

Columbia researchers find white men are the worst at reducing AI bias | VentureBeat - 0 views

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    "Researchers at Columbia University sought to shed light on the problem by tasking 400 AI engineers with creating algorithms that made over 8.2 million predictions about 20,000 people. In a study accepted by the NeurIPS 2020 machine learning conference, the researchers conclude that biased predictions are mostly caused by imbalanced data but that the demographics of engineers also play a role."
dr tech

More than 1,200 Google workers condemn firing of AI scientist Timnit Gebru | Google | T... - 0 views

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    "The paper, co-authored by researchers inside and outside Google, contended that technology companies could do more to ensure AI systems aimed at mimicking human writing and speech do not exacerbate historical gender biases and use of offensive language, according to a draft copy seen by Reuters."
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As Algorithms Take Over More of the Economy, We Should Cede Control (Very) Carefully - 0 views

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    "After being set an overarching goal like maximizing profit, they develop their own strategies based on experience of the market, often with little human oversight. The most advanced also use forms of AI whose workings are opaque even if humans wanted to peer inside."
dr tech

DeepMind AI cracks 50-year-old problem of protein folding | DeepMind | The Guardian - 0 views

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    ""It marks an exciting moment for the field," said Demis Hassabis, DeepMind's founder and chief executive. "These algorithms are now becoming mature enough and powerful enough to be applicable to really challenging scientific problems." Advertisement Venki Ramakrishnan, the president of the Royal Society, called the work "a stunning advance" that had occurred "decades before many people in the field would have predicted"."
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Twitter apologises for 'racist' image-cropping algorithm | Twitter | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "But users began to spot flaws in the feature over the weekend. The first to highlight the issue was PhD student Colin Madland, who discovered the issue while highlighting a different racial bias in the video-conference software Zoom. When Madland, who is white, posted an image of himself and a black colleague who had been erased from a Zoom call after its algorithm failed to recognise his face, Twitter automatically cropped the image to only show Madland."
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Algorithm finds hidden connections between paintings at the Met | MIT CSAIL - 0 views

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    "What Hamilton and his colleagues found surprising was that this approach could also be applied to helping find problems with existing deep networks, related to the surge of "deepfakes" that have recently cropped up. They applied this data structure to find areas where probabilistic models, such as the generative adversarial networks (GANs) that are often used to create deepfakes, break down. They coined these problematic areas "blind spots," and note that they give us insight into how GANs can be biased. Such blind spots further show that GANs struggle to represent particular areas of a dataset, even if most of their fakes can fool a human. "
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How Bias Ruins A.I. - OneZero - 0 views

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    "To what extent do the decisions of these types of algorithms reflect the conscious or unconscious biases of their creators?"
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YouTube will temporarily increase automated content moderation | Engadget - 0 views

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    "YouTube will rely more on machine learning and less on human reviewers during the coronavirus outbreak. Normally, algorithms detect potentially harmful content and send it to human reviewers for assessment. But these are not normal times, and in an effort to reduce the need for employees and contractors to come into an office, YouTube will allow its automated system to remove some content without human review."
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Computer Scientists Are Building Algorithms to Tackle COVID-19 - 0 views

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    "Computer scientists and machine learning researchers are tackling the pandemic the way they know how: compiling datasets and building algorithms to learn from them."
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Dressing for the Surveillance Age | The New Yorker - 0 views

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    "Apart from biases in the training databases, it's hard to know how well face-recognition systems actually perform in the real world, in spite of recent gains. Anil Jain, a professor of computer science at Michigan State University who has worked on face recognition for more than thirty years, told me, "Most of the testing on the private venders' products is done in a laboratory environment under controlled settings. In real practice, you're walking around in the streets of New York. It's a cold winter day, you have a scarf around your face, a cap, maybe your coat is pulled up so your chin is partially hidden, the illumination may not be the most favorable, and the camera isn't capturing a frontal view.""
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How to Detect Bias in AI - Towards Data Science - 0 views

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    "Bias in Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been a popular topic over the last few years as AI-solutions have become more ingrained in our daily lives."
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Digital Detox #3: Algorithms and Exclusion - TRU Digital Detox 2020 - 0 views

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    "Indeed, a recent working paper in the area of machine learning suggests that the simpler the algorithm, the more likely its outcome will further disadvantage already disadvantaged groups. In other words, our social relationships are complex, and our algorithms should be, too. But in the quest to streamline processes, they aren't always, and that can be a huge problem."
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Scientists use stem cells from frogs to build first living robots | Science | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "The robots, which are less than 1mm long, are designed by an "evolutionary algorithm" that runs on a supercomputer. "
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Artificial intelligence identifies previously unknown features associated with cancer r... - 0 views

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    "Rather than being "taught" medical knowledge, the AI was asked to learn using unsupervised deep neural networks, known as autoencoders, without being given any medical knowledge. The researchers developed a method for translating the features found by the AI-only numbers initially-into high-resolution images that can be understood by humans."
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Privacy activists spent a day on Capitol Hill scanning faces to prove that scanning fac... - 0 views

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    "Activists from Fight for the Future prowled the halls of Congress in "jumpsuits with phone strapped to their heads conducting live facial recognition surveillance" to "show why this tech should be banned.""
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AI expert calls for end to UK use of 'racially biased' algorithms | Technology | The Gu... - 0 views

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    "On inbuilt bias in algorithms, Sharkey said: "There are so many biases happening now, from job interviews to welfare to determining who should get bail and who should go to jail. It is quite clear that we really have to stop using decision algorithms, and I am someone who has always been very light on regulation and always believed that it stifles innovation."
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Teaching Self-Driving Cars to Watch for Unpredictable Humans - 0 views

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    "Game players-like drivers-often have to reach conclusions without full understanding of what the other players-or drivers-are doing. So more researchers are applying game theory to train self-driving cars how to act in uncertain situations."
dr tech

AI is making literary leaps - now we need the rules to catch up | Opinion | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "If true, this would be a big deal. But, said OpenAI, "due to our concerns about malicious applications of the technology, we are not releasing the trained model. As an experiment in responsible disclosure, we are instead releasing a much smaller model for researchers to experiment with, as well as a technical paper.""
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