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dr tech

The terrifying, hidden reality of Ridiculously Complicated Algorithms - 0 views

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    ""Weapons of math destruction" is how the writer Cathy O'Neil describes the nasty and pernicious kinds of algorithms that are not subject to the same challenges that human decision-makers are. Parole algorithms (not Jure's) can bias decisions on the basis of income or (indirectly) ethnicity. Recruitment algorithms can reject candidates on the basis of mistaken identity. In some circumstances, such as policing, they might create feedback loops, sending police into areas with more crime, which causes more crime to be detected."
dr tech

Are Google search results politically biased? | Jeff Hancock et al | Opinion | The Guar... - 1 views

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    "This way of thinking about search results is wrong. Recent studies suggest that search engines, rather than providing a neutral way to find information, may actually play a major role in shaping public opinion on political issues and candidates. Some research has even argued that search results can affect the outcomes of close elections. In a study aptly titled In Google We Trust participants heavily prioritized the first page of search results, and the order of the results on that page, and continued to do so even when researchers reversed the order of the actual results."
dr tech

Trump idea on regulating Google 'unfathomable' - Channel NewsAsia - 1 views

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    "There is little evidence to show algorithms by online firms are based on politics, and many conservatives - including Trump himself - have large a social media following.

    Analysts say it would be dangerous to try to regulate how search engines work to please a government or political faction."
dr tech

Franken-algorithms: the deadly consequences of unpredictable code | Technology | The Gu... - 0 views

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    ""In some ways we've lost agency. When programs pass into code and code passes into algorithms and then algorithms start to create new algorithms, it gets farther and farther from human agency. Software is released into a code universe which no one can fully understand.""
dr tech

Google attempting to redefine truth through its biased algorithm -- Society's Child -- ... - 0 views

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    "They've moved "authoritative sources" to the top search results. The question we need to ask is: "How does this play out in the Real World?" In the real world it means that the worldview, the political bias, the social preferences, the positions taken in various ideological and scientific controversies - as decided by top Google Executives - have been virtually hard-coded into Google's search algorithms. No longer is Google returning "unbiased and objective results"."
dr tech

The GPS app that can find anyone anywhere | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "The algorithm behind what3words took six months to write. Sheldrick worked on it with two friends he had grown up with. Mohan Ganesalingham, a maths fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge, and Jack Waley-Cohen, a full-time quiz obsessive and question-setter for Only Connect. After the initial mapping was complete, they incorporated an error-correction algorithm, which places similar-sounding combinations a very long way apart."
dr tech

The Matchmaking Algorithm That Lets Zoos Swipe Right on Animals - 0 views

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    "The animal matchmaking program isn't just for gorillas, and it takes some things into consideration that probably aren't on Tinder's radar. It scores every animal on a variety of traits (and when we say "every" animal, we mean there's an entry for each flamingo in each American zoo), including social skills, age, experience, family history, and interpersonal relationships. Oh, and genetic diversity. Animals with rare genes are more valuable to breeding programs because their offspring will introduce more genetic diversity into the dating pool."
dr tech

Chinese schools are testing AI that grades papers almost as well as teachers | VentureBeat - 0 views

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    "It is also self-improving. The 10-year-old grading software leverages deep learning algorithms to "compare notes" with human teachers' scores, suggestions, and comments. An engineer involved in the project compared its capabilities to those of AlphaGo, the record-breaking AI Go player developed by Google subsidiary DeepMind."
dr tech

Police trial AI software to help process mobile phone evidence | UK news | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Cellebrite, the Israeli-founded and now Japanese-owned company behind some of the software, claims a wider rollout would solve problems over failures to disclose crucial digital evidence that have led to the collapse of a series of rape trials and other prosecutions in the past year. However, the move by police has prompted concerns over privacy and the potential for software to introduce bias into processing of criminal evidence."
dr tech

"The Biology of Disinformation," a paper by Rushkoff, Pescovitz, and Dunagan / Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "Already, artificially intelligent software can evolve false political and social constructs highly targeted to sway specific audiences. Users find themselves in highly individualized, algorithmically determined news and information feeds, intentionally designed to: isolate them from conflicting evidence or opinions, create self-reinforcing feedback loops of confirmation, and untether them from fact-based reality. And these are just early days. If memes and disinformation have been weaponized on social media, it is still in the musket stage."
dr tech

Software 'no more accurate than untrained humans' at judging reoffending risk | US news... - 0 views

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    "The algorithm, called Compas (Correctional Offender Management Profiling for Alternative Sanctions), is used throughout the US to weigh up whether defendants awaiting trial or sentencing are at too much risk of reoffending to be released on bail.

    Since being developed in 1998, the tool is reported to have been used to assess more than one million defendants. But a new paper has cast doubt on whether the software's predictions are sufficiently accurate to justify its use in potentially life-changing decisions."
dr tech

Facebook Is Now Using AI to Help Prevent Suicides - 0 views

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    "Facebook has detailed the steps it's taking to get help for people who need it. Which involves using artificial intelligence to "detect posts or live videos where someone might be expressing thoughts of suicide," identifying appropriate first responders, and then employing more people to "review reports of suicide or self harm".

    The social network has been testing this system in the U.S. for the last month, and "worked with first responders on over 100 wellness checks based on reports we received via our proactive detection efforts." In some cases the local authorities were notified in order to help."
dr tech

Computer says no: why making AIs fair, accountable and transparent is crucial | Science... - 0 views

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    "In October, American teachers prevailed in a lawsuit with their school district over a computer program that assessed their performance.

    The system rated teachers in Houston by comparing their students' test scores against state averages. Those with high ratings won praise and even bonuses. Those who fared poorly faced the sack.

    The program did not please everyone. Some teachers felt that the system marked them down without good reason. But they had no way of checking if the program was fair or faulty: the company that built the software, the SAS Institute, regards its algorithm a trade secret and would not disclose its workings."
dr tech

Who do you trust? How data is helping us decide | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Should we embrace these new trust algorithms? Baveja and Shapiro acknowledge the responsibility that comes with trying to take ethical decisions and translate them into code. How much of our personal information do we want trawled through in this way? And how comfortable are we with letting an algorithm judge who is trustworthy?"
dr tech

Noriko Arai: Can a robot pass a university entrance exam? | TED Talk | TED.com - 0 views

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    "How can we help kids excel at the things that humans will always do better than AI?" Great talk - she also presented at recent IB conference in Yokohama.
dr tech

The Age of the Algorithm - 99% Invisible - 0 views

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    "But the answer to how he was chosen is actually an algorithm, a computer program that crunched through reams of data, looking at how much each passenger had paid for their ticket, what time they checked in, how often they flew on United, and whether they were part of a rewards program. The algorithm likely determined that Dr. Dao was one of the least valuable customers on the flight at the time."
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