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A.I. recreates periodic table of elements from scratch - Futurity - 0 views

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    "A new artificial intelligence (AI) program recreated the periodic table of elements in just a few hours.

    It took nearly a century of trial and error for human scientists to organize the periodic table of elements, arguably one of the greatest scientific achievements in chemistry, into its current form."
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Rise of the machines: has technology evolved beyond our control? | Books | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "In October 2016, algorithms reacted to negative news headlines about Brexit negotiations by sending the pound down 6% against the dollar in under two minutes, before recovering almost immediately. Knowing which particular headline, or which particular algorithm, caused the crash is next to impossible. When one haywire algorithm started placing and cancelling orders that ate up 4% of all traffic in US stocks in October 2012, one commentator was moved to comment wryly that "the motive of the algorithm is still unclear"."
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This AI Knows Who You Are by the Way You Walk - 0 views

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    "Neural networks can find telltale patterns in a person's gait that can be used to recognize and identify them with almost perfect accuracy, according to new research published in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. The new system, called SfootBD, is nearly 380 times more accurate than previous methods, and it doesn't require a person to go barefoot in order to work. It's less invasive than other behavioral biometric verification systems, such as retinal scanners or fingerprinting, but its passive nature could make it a bigger privacy concern, since it could be used covertly."
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Chinese schools are testing AI that grades papers almost as well as teachers | VentureBeat - 0 views

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    "It is also self-improving. The 10-year-old grading software leverages deep learning algorithms to "compare notes" with human teachers' scores, suggestions, and comments. An engineer involved in the project compared its capabilities to those of AlphaGo, the record-breaking AI Go player developed by Google subsidiary DeepMind."
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Police trial AI software to help process mobile phone evidence | UK news | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Cellebrite, the Israeli-founded and now Japanese-owned company behind some of the software, claims a wider rollout would solve problems over failures to disclose crucial digital evidence that have led to the collapse of a series of rape trials and other prosecutions in the past year. However, the move by police has prompted concerns over privacy and the potential for software to introduce bias into processing of criminal evidence."
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Here's How Scientists Are Using Machine Learning to Predict the Unpredictable - 0 views

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    "More than just a poetic metaphor, the butterfly effect says that there are some things that even the most advanced science can never predict. Well, that list of things just got a lot shorter. Scientists from the University of Maryland have used machine learning to predict chaos."
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How babies learn - and why robots can't compete | News | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "He had discovered that human learning was communal and interactive. For a robot, the acquisition of language was abstract and formulaic. For us, it was embodied, emotive, subjective, quivering with life. The future of intelligence wouldn't be found in our machines, but in the development of our own minds."
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Chinese chatbots are revolting against the Communist Party - 0 views

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    "The chatbots - BabyQ and the Microsoft-created XiaoBing - were yanked from Chinese messaging app QQ, according to the Financial Times, after they started providing answers that weren't satisfactory to the glorious party. 

    According to FT, BabyQ would answer the question, "Do you love the Communist Party?" with "No." XiaoBing's transgressions were a bit more direct, declaring for some users "My China dream is to go to America" and answering other patriotic questions with "I'm having my period, wanna take a rest.""
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Google says AI better than humans at scrubbing extremist YouTube content | Technology |... - 0 views

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    "Google has pledged to continue developing advanced programs using machine learning to combat the rise of extremist content, after it found that it was both faster and more accurate than humans in scrubbing illicit content from YouTube."
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Researchers shut down AI that invented its own language - 0 views

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    " The observations made at Facebook are the latest in a long line of similar cases. In each instance, an AI being monitored by humans has diverged from its training in English to develop its own language. The resulting phrases appear to be nonsensical gibberish to humans but contain semantic meaning when interpreted by AI "agents." "
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Curious AI learns by exploring game worlds and making mistakes | New Scientist - 0 views

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    "This type of approach can speed up learning times and improve the efficiency of algorithms, says Max Jaderberg at Google's AI company DeepMind. The company used a similar technique last year to teach an AI to explore a virtual maze. Its algorithm learned much more quickly than conventional reinforcement learning approaches. "Our agent is far quicker and requires a lot less experience from the world to train, making it much more data efficient," he says."
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Google's AI Chief On Teaching Computers To Learn-And The Challenges Ahead - 0 views

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    ""We'd have to show them 100,000 penny-farthings and tell them it's a bike," Giannandrea says. Then-looking on the bright side-he adds that "once they'd seen 100,000, they'd probably be better at identifying them than humans are.""
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Google creates AI program that uses reasoning to navigate the London tube | Technology ... - 0 views

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    "It is one of the first programs to combine an external memory with an approach called deep-learning, in which the program learns how to do tasks independently rather than being pre-programmed with a set of rules by a human."
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Basic common sense is key to building more intelligent machines | New Scientist - 0 views

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    "At Imperial College London, Murray Shanahan and colleagues are working on a way around this problem using an old, unfashionable technique called symbolic AI. "Basically this meant an engineer labelled everything for the AI," says Shanahan. His idea is to combine this with modern machine learning.

    Symbolic AI never took off, because manually describing everything quickly proved overwhelming. Modern AI has overcome that problem by using neural networks, which learn their own representations of the world around them. "They decide what is salient," says Marta Garnelo, also at Imperial College."
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Google using romance novels to train its artificial intelligence to write fiction - 0 views

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    "Google is using romance novels to teach its artificial intelligence (AI) system to better understand how people communicate.

    Researchers at Google Brain, the company's AI-focused deep learning project, presented a paper earlier this month that detailed techniques they used to teach its AI to write fiction - and the results were unexpectedly haunting."
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Would you bet against sex robots? AI 'could leave half of world unemployed' | Technolog... - 0 views

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    "Expert Moshe Vardi told the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS): "We are approaching a time when machines will be able to outperform humans at almost any task.

    "I believe that society needs to confront this question before it is upon us: if machines are capable of doing almost any work humans can do, what will humans do?""
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Big Data Ethics: racially biased training data versus machine learning / Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "O'Neill recounts an exercise to improve service to homeless families in New York City, in which data-analysis was used to identify risk-factors for long-term homelessness. The problem, O'Neill describes, was that many of the factors in the existing data on homelessness were entangled with things like race (and its proxies, like ZIP codes, which map extensively to race in heavily segregated cities like New York). Using data that reflects racism in the system to train a machine-learning algorithm whose conclusions can't be readily understood runs the risk of embedding that racism in a new set of policies, these ones scrubbed clean of the appearance of bias with the application of objective-seeming mathematics. "
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Can Google's AlphaGo really feel it in its algorithms? | John Naughton | Opinion | The ... - 0 views

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    "The really significant thing about AlphaGo is that it (and its creators) cannot explain its moves. And yet it plays a very difficult game expertly. So it's displaying a capability eerily similar to what we call intuition - "knowledge obtained without conscious reasoning". Up to now, we have regarded that as an exclusively human prerogative. It's what Newton was on about when he wrote "Hypotheses non fingo" in the second edition of his Principia: "I don't make hypotheses," he's saying, "I just know.""
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4 Machine Learning Algorithms That Shape Your Life - 0 views

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    "What you may not realize, though, is that machine learning is already all around you, and it can exert a surprising degree of influence over your life. Don't believe me? You might be surprised."
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