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Garth Holman

Medicine and Health in the Middle Ages - 0 views

    Medicine of the Middle Ages.
John Woodbridge

Why does the pope wear red shoes? A Yahoo News Q&A on choosing a new pontiff | The Look... - 0 views

    Interesting facts about traditions followed by the Pope.
John Woodbridge

The Knights Templar - Heroes of Europe - YouTube - 0 views

    Tells about the purpose of the knights in protecting the pilgrims on their journey to the Holy Land
John Woodbridge

Why did people go on pilgrimages in the Middle Ages? | The Free Resource for Kids - 0 views

  • For most people, all that sustained them was a sense of hope and belief in a better world to come with salvation in Jesus Christ.
  • undertaking a long and arduous pilgrimage was a way for people to ask God to perform a miracle on their behalf
  • demonstrate their repentance for any sins they might have committed
  • ...6 more annotations...
  • Going on a pilgrimage was also the only way a poor person could see some of the world
  • The masses often worshipped pagan idols and had many shrines and sacred places which were associated with those idols
  • Christian authorities either destroyed these sites or replaced them with Christian significance.
  • they sanctified the former places of idol worship and encouraged the common people to continue making pilgrimages to these places
  • Pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem, Nazareth and Bethlehem were important landmarks of places where significant events occurred in the Christian narrative. There were many holy places throughout Europe for those who could only make shorter pilgrimages.
  • Crusaders returning from the Holy Land brought back many relics that were placed in churches throughout Europe.
    describes why people went on pilgrimages, where they went, and how the church promoted the idea of pilgrimage
John Woodbridge

Medieval beliefs about sin and forgiveness » English Lit Resources from Cross... - 1 views

  • Sin, in Christian teaching, consists of disobedience to the known will of God
  • Medieval Church inherited and taught the doctrine of original sin, the belief that all human beings share in collective guilt as a result of the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden in the Fall of Humankind, together with an ongoing predisposition to disobey God
  • needed to be cleansed through baptism
  • ...18 more annotations...
  • taking part in this, believers symbolically shared in the victory paid for – and won by - Christ over the power of sin (known as the atonement).
  • Celebrating mass
  • Everyone
  • sermons that people learnt Bible
  • few laypeople had direct access to the text of the Bible.
  • Sermons had several functions:
  • The idea of purgatory was based on the obvious fact that most people are neither extremely good nor extremely evil.
  • To educate people about the Christian faith and the Church’s rituals and practices To make known the contents of the Bible, the Church’s interpretations of the Bible, and also the lives of saints To help people understand the system of confession and to prepare for their confession to their parish priest in a careful way To explain about sin and virtues.
  • Venial sins were relatively small faults and shortcomings. The individual could confess these privately to God Mortal, or ‘deadly’, sins were wrong acts committed consciously and deliberately. They therefore placed the soul in serious danger and the Church taught that, in normal circumstances, they could only be forgiven through the sacrament of penance and by confession to a priest.
  • believed that being too absorbed in the life of the body and material things was bad for the soul.
  • The simple food monks and nuns were supposed to keep to The regular fasting periods that all Christians observed during the Church year.
  • repentance means the person wants to turn away from undertaking wrong behaviour and actively decides to do so henceforward.
  • The priest would hear the confession and talk to the penitent to ascertain that they truly repented and resolved to do better in future. The priest then pronounced absolution, declaring that Christ forgave the sins of the truly repentant.
  • Penance  This means an action which demonstrates that someone has repented of their sins. The priest might order a penitent, for example, to do one of the following for a period: Go on pilgrimage Fast (abstain from food) Donate alms to the Church or the poor.
  • knowledge of the Christian faith came, above all, from preaching and teaching, week by week from parish priests.
  • people,
  • would not go straight to heaven after death either. Instead, they would spend a period in the spiritual state of purgatory where they could ‘pay for’ / atone for sins committed on earth
  • It was believed that, whilst still alive, people could undertake deeds that would speed either themselves (in the future) or a dead friend or relative through this process
    Discussion of sin, celebration of mass, importance of a sermon, confession, repentance, confession, penance, and purgatory
John Woodbridge

God In America: People: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe | PBS - 0 views

    • John Woodbridge
      Salvation means admittance to heaven.
  • It was the duty of every political authority -- king, queen, prince or city councilman -- to support, sustain and nurture the church.
  • strong church encouraged social stability and political cohesion
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  • Jesus of Nazareth founded the church to administer the sacraments, rituals that contain the mystery of grace and the promise of salvation. Salvation comes only through the church; individuals cannot find salvation outside the institution.
John Woodbridge

Reading Guide: Sacraments of the Church - 0 views

  • eucharist
  • Lord himself instituted this sacrament with wine mixed with water
  • .since it is written that both blood and water flowed from Christ's side
  • ...1 more annotation...
  • union of Christian people with Christ, for water signifies 'people,' and... 'in the wine is manifested the blood of Christ'
    describes the eucharist
John Woodbridge

Internet History Sourcebooks Project - 0 views

  • main focus was on Baptism
  • The Latin word
  • sacramentum - which meant "oath"
  • ...9 more annotations...
  • establishing of a "new covenant" between a human being an God
  • In Greek Christianity these various Christian rites were called "mysteries" [i.e. things to be hidden from unbelievers]
  • confirmation which bishops confer by the laying on of hands while they anoint the reborn
  • baptism
  • penance, the Eucharist, the sacrament of order, matrimony and extreme unction
  • Eucharis
  • the bread is truly transubstantiated into the body of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the wine into His blood
  • matrimony, she holds that neither is a man allowed to have several wives at the same time nor a woman several husbands
  • baptism, confirmation, the mass, penance, extreme unction, ordination, and matrimony
    discussion of sacraments
John Woodbridge

Art Style of the Medieval Period - YouTube - 0 views

    No talking, all subtitles that are very well written and set to one of my favorite songs, "The Sound of Silence" by Simon and Garfunkel
John Woodbridge

TICE Art 1010: Medieval and Byzantine Art.mp4 - YouTube - 0 views

    Best part starts at 2:00 mark. The first 2 minutes describe the fall of Rome and the creation of Western and Eastern Empires. The rest talks about Iconoclasm and new artistic techniques.
Lily S

The Medieval Church - 0 views

  • very rich and powerful
  • organized like a government with laws
  • job of praying for everyone else.
  • ...7 more annotations...
  • Monks were often teachers who taught noble children
  • Some even had the
  • The windows would tell bible stories and the lives of the saints
  • made of stone
  • provided spiritual guidance and a place were people could get an education
  • Almost all
  • Monks lived in monasteries or abbeys. They worked and prayed. Women could also serve a religious life as a nun
    A good website on the Medieval Church
John Woodbridge

Medieval Life: Religion Medicine And Women - YouTube - 0 views

    Start watching at 1:40 mark
John Woodbridge

Medieval Realms 02 07 Why become a nun or monk - YouTube - 0 views

    two and a half minutes describes why a woman became a nun
Aman B

Medieval Health - 0 views

  • Health was controlled by the stars, and affliction was a sign of impurity of the soul-a curse from God.
  • Disease was a constant concern, as was infection from injuries
  • Hygiene was not always a priority
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  • Barbers doubled as surgeons,
  • treatments for the sick were quite often out of reach
  • But little by little, doctors were learning information that led to better cures,
  • Hospitals began to be constructed, and schools established for those wishing to practice medicine.
Raya H

Bathing during the Middle Ages - 1 views

  • wooden tubs with water heated from the fire
  • firewood became expensive
    • Raya H
      they where smart enough to know the fumes where bad for you? 
  • ...3 more annotations...
  • Some tried burning coal to heat water, but the fumes proved to be unhealthy.
  • Barrels were often used as baths, with entire families sharing the same water.
  • hing during the Middle Ages
Dinah M.

Medieval Recipes - 0 views

    Actual Middle Ages recipes! Must see!
Mackenzie D

Middle Ages for Kids - Life of the Nobility, Lords & Ladies - 0 views

  • Kids: At age seven, boys began to study to become knights. Girls did not go to school. They were taught by their mother how to manage the household and how to behave. 
  • Dining: Dinner was an elaborate affair for most nobles. Several dishes were served includes game, fish, vegetables, fruit, and deserts. Foods were sweetened with honey. Spoons and forks were not used. Instead, people used their fingers and knives.  If they had guests for dinner, they would hire entertainers - minstrels, magicians, jugglers - or perhaps one person would perform several feats. 
Daniel M.

Page - Definition - 0 views

  • a youth being trained for the medieval rank of knight and in the personal service of a knight
    The definition of Page.
John Woodbridge

Medieval cuisine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

    • John Woodbridge
      Good information about fasting during religious festivals
  • Nobles dined on fresh game seasoned with exotic spices, and displayed refined table manners; rough laborers could make do with coarse barley bread, salt pork and beans and were not expected to display etiquette.
  • diet of the upper classes was considered to be as much a requirement of their refined physical constitution as a sign of economic reality. The digestive system of a lord was held to be more discriminating than that of his rustic subordinates and demanded finer foods.[7]
  • ...1 more annotation...
  • Europe there were typically two meals a day: dinner at mid-day and a lighter supper in the evening
    describes what type of typical diet of every social class from peasants to kings
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