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Matti Narkia

Benefits of Vitamin D Supplementation - Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons Vol... - 0 views

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    Benefits of Vitamin D Supplementation
    Joel M. Kauffman, Ph.D.
    Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons
    Volume 14 Number 2 - Summer 2009

    Clinical trials show that vitamin D supplementation at higher
    levels than previously recommended is beneficial for many
    conditions. It decreases the frequency of falls and fractures, helps
    prevent cardiovascular disease, and reduces symptoms of colds or
    influenza. Benefits are also seen in diabetes mellitus, multiple
    sclerosis, Crohn disease, pain, depression, and possibly autism.
    Sunlight does not cause an overdose of vitamin D production,
    and toxicity from supplementation is rare. Dose recommendations
    are increasing, but appear to be lagging the favorable trial results. A
    number of common drugs deplete vitamin D levels, and others may
    limit its biosynthesis from sunlight.
    People with adequate levels from sun exposure will not benefit
    from supplementation. While dietary intake is helpful,
    supplementation is better able to raise serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D ,
    the major circulating metabolite, to the level now thought adequate,
    30-50 ng/mL.
    Where there is inadequate daily sun exposure, oral doses of
    1,000-2,000 IU/d are now considered routine, with much higher
    doses (up to 50,000 IU) for rapid repletion now considered safe.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D for cancer prevention: global perspective. Garland CF et al. -Ann Epidemiol. ... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D for cancer prevention: global perspective.
    Garland CF, Gorham ED, Mohr SB, Garland FC.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):468-83. Review.
    PMID: 19523595
Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of vitamin D, calcium and the prevention of breast cancer. - [Breast Canc... - 0 views

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    Meta-analysis of vitamin D, calcium and the prevention of breast cancer.
    Chen P, Hu P, Xie D, Qin Y, Wang F, Wang H.
    Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2009 Oct 23. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19851861

    These results provide strong evidence that vitamin D and calcium have a chemopreventive effect against breast cancer.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D for Cancer Prevention: Global Perspective - 1 views

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    Vitamin D for cancer prevention: global perspective.
    Garland CF, Gorham ED, Mohr SB, Garland FC.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):468-83. Review.
    PMID: 19523595

    RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: It is projected that raising the minimum year-around serum 25(OH)D level to 40 to 60 ng/mL (100-150 nmol/L) would prevent approximately 58,000 new cases of breast cancer and 49,000 new cases of colorectal cancer each year, and three fourths of deaths from these diseases in the United States and Canada, based on observational studies combined with a randomized trial. Such intakes also are expected to reduce case-fatality rates of patients who have breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer by half. There are no unreasonable risks from intake of 2000 IU per day of vitamin D(3), or from a population serum 25(OH)D level of 40 to 60 ng/mL. The time has arrived for nationally coordinated action to substantially increase intake of vitamin D and calcium.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis. - ScienceDirect - The Journ... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis.
    Garland CF, Gorham ED, Mohr SB, Grant WB, Giovannucci EL, Lipkin M, Newmark H, Holick MF, Garland FC.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Mar;103(3-5):708-11.
    PMID: 17368188

    CONCLUSIONS: Intake of 2000 IU/day of Vitamin D(3), and, when possible, very moderate exposure to sunlight, could raise serum 25(OH)D to 52 ng/ml, a level associated with reduction by 50% in incidence of breast cancer, according to observational studies.
Matti Narkia

How to Optimize Vitamin D Supplementation to Prevent Cancer, Based on Cellular Adaptati... - 0 views

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    How to optimize vitamin D supplementation to prevent cancer, based on cellular adaptation and hydroxylase enzymology.
    Vieth R.
    Anticancer Res. 2009 Sep;29(9):3675-84. Review.
    PMID: 19667164
Matti Narkia

The Role of Vitamin D in Cancer Prevention -- Garland et al. 96 (2): 252 -- American Jo... - 1 views

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    The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention.
    Garland CF, Garland FC, Gorham ED, Lipkin M, Newmark H, Mohr SB, Holick MF.
    Am J Public Health. 2006 Feb;96(2):252-61. Epub 2005 Dec 27. Review.
    PMID: 16380576
    DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.045260

    Vitamin D status differs by latitude and race, with residents of the northeastern United States and individuals with more skin pigmentation being at increased risk of deficiency. A PubMed database search yielded 63 observational studies of vitamin D status in relation to cancer risk, including 30 of colon, 13 of breast, 26 of prostate, and 7 of ovarian cancer, and several that assessed the association of vitamin D receptor genotype with cancer risk.

    The majority of studies found a protective relationship between sufficient vitamin D status and lower risk of cancer. The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects.
Matti Narkia

The Role of Vitamin D in Cancer Prevention -- Garland et al. 96 (2): 252 -- American Jo... - 0 views

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    The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention.
    Garland CF, Garland FC, Gorham ED, Lipkin M, Newmark H, Mohr SB, Holick MF.
    Am J Public Health. 2006 Feb;96(2):252-61. Epub 2005 Dec 27. Review.
    PMID: 16380576
    DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.045260

    Vitamin D status differs by latitude and race, with residents of the northeastern United States and individuals with more skin pigmentation being at increased risk of deficiency. A PubMed database search yielded 63 observational studies of vitamin D status in relation to cancer risk, including 30 of colon, 13 of breast, 26 of prostate, and 7 of ovarian cancer, and several that assessed the association of vitamin D receptor genotype with cancer risk.

    The majority of studies found a protective relationship between sufficient vitamin D status and lower risk of cancer. The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects
Matti Narkia

Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000 - 0 views

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    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
Matti Narkia

Not enough vitamin D: Health consequences for Canadians -- Schwalfenberg 53 (5): 841 --... - 0 views

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    Not enough vitamin D: health consequences for Canadians.
    Schwalfenberg G.
    Can Fam Physician. 2007 May;53(5):841-54. Review
    PMID: 17872747

    Conclusion

    Low levels of VTD are considered a major public health problem in Canada, especially during the winter. Those with risk factors should be screened for low 25(OH)D levels and repletion therapy instituted if needed. Researchers have estimated that the oral dose of vitamin D3 to attain and maintain 25(OH)D levels >80 nmol/L is 2200 IU/d if baseline levels are 20 to 40 nmol/L, 1800 IU/d if levels are 40 to 60 nmol/L, and 1160 IU/d if levels are between 60 and 80 nmol/L.64

    We need to ensure that patients have healthy blood levels of 25(OH)D to prevent levels of parathyroid hormone from rising and to maximize absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate. Positive effects on bone are marginal at best unless patients consume at least 800 IU/d of VTD. The emerging and exciting role of the VTD receptor and the actions of VTD in maintaining health in other cell types have become more apparent during the last decade.
Matti Narkia

Multi-targeted therapy of cancer by omega-3 fatty acids - Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8 - 0 views

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    Multi-targeted therapy of cancer by omega-3 fatty acids.
    Berquin IM, Edwards IJ, Chen YQ.
    Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8;269(2):363-77. Epub 2008 May 13. Review.
    PMID: 18479809
    doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2008.03.044
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and Intervention Trials in Prostate Cancer: From Theory to Therapy - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and intervention trials in prostate cancer: from theory to therapy.
    Schwartz GG.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Feb;19(2):96-102. Epub 2008 Jul 10.
    PMID: 18619854
    doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.03.007

    This suggests that whereas vitamin D (e.g., cholecalciferol) might prevent prostate cancer, existing prostate tumors likely would require treatment with 1,25(OH)(2)D and/or its analogs. The major obstacle to the use of 1,25(OH)(2)D in patients therapeutically is the risk of hypercalcemia. Several maneuvers to reduce this risk, including pulse dosing and the use of less calcemic 1,25(OH)(2)D analogs, have been explored in Phase I-III clinical trials. Once merely a promise, vitamin D-based therapies for prostate cancer may soon be medical practice.
Matti Narkia

Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000. - ScienceDirect -... - 0 views

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    Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Mar 6. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19269856
    doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.12.014
Matti Narkia

Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, ... - 0 views

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    Holick MF.
    Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Dec;80(6 Suppl):1678S-88S. Review.
    PMID: 15585788 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D: its role in cancer prevention and treatment - Entrez PubMed - 0 views

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    Holick MF.
    Vitamin D: its role in cancer prevention and treatment.
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2006 Sep;92(1):49-59. Epub 2006 Mar 10. Review.
    PMID: 16566961 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Matti Narkia

Benefits and requirements of vitamin D for optimal health: a review - Altern Med Rev. 2... - 0 views

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    Grant WB, Holick MF.
    Benefits and requirements of vitamin D for optimal health: a review.
    Altern Med Rev. 2005 Jun;10(2):94-111. Review.
    PMID: 15989379 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D in preventive medicine: are we ignoring the evidence? Zittermann A - IngentaC... - 0 views

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    Zittermann A.
    Vitamin D in preventive medicine: are we ignoring the evidence?
    Br J Nutr. 2003 May;89(5):552-72. Review.
    PMID: 12720576 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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