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Matti Narkia

Induction of Ovarian Cancer Cell Apoptosis by 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 through the Down... - 0 views

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    Induction of ovarian cancer cell apoptosis by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 through the down-regulation of telomerase.
    Jiang F, Bao J, Li P, Nicosia SV, Bai W.
    J Biol Chem. 2004 Dec 17;279(51):53213-21. Epub 2004 Oct 12.
    PMID: 15485861
    doi: 10.1074/jbc.M410395200

    Overall, the study suggests that the down-regulation of telomerase activity by 1,25(OH)2VD3 and the resulting cell death are important components of the response of OCa cells to 1,25(OH)2VD3-induced growth suppression.

    Progressive shortening of telomere associated with cell divisions limits the life span of normal cells and eventually leads to senescence. To become immortal, human cancers including OCa are invariably associated with activation of mechanism that maintains telomere length. Approximately 85-90% of cancers show reactivation of telomerase. The present study shows that telomerase in OCa cells is down-regulated by 1,25(OH)2VD3. Down-regulation of telomerase is due to decreased stability of hTERT mRNA rather than VDRE-mediated transcriptional repression through the putative VDRE present in the regulatory region of the hTERT gene.

    It is known that the inhibition of telomerase may lead to a phenotypic lag during which cells would continue to divide until the point at which the telomeres became critically short. This phenomenon may explain why the apoptotic induction by 1,25(OH)2VD3 needs the treatment for more than 6 days. As mentioned in the results, no detectable shortening of telomeric repeats was observed in parental OVCAR3 cells after 9 days of treatment with 1,25(OH)2VD3 (Fig. 4D). This is likely due to the fact that the short telomere (about 3 kb) in OVCAR3 cells is very close to the minimal length required for survival and that cells with detectably shorter telomere may have been selected against apoptosis. It has been shown that transformed human cells enter crisis once the terminal restriction fragment of the telomere reaches a length of about 4 kb. This is insufficient to protect chro
Matti Narkia

Review Article: Vitamin D Acquisition and Breast Cancer Risk -- Pérez-López e... - 0 views

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    Review article: vitamin D acquisition and breast cancer risk.
    Pérez-López FR, Chedraui P, Haya J.
    Reprod Sci. 2009 Jan;16(1):7-19. Review.
    PMID: 19144887
    DOI: 10.1177/1933719108327595

    Conclusions: Although there are controversial results, it seems plausible that sufficient endogenous vitamin D levels may have a protective function on mammary cells, reducing breast cancer risk.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and Intervention Trials in Prostate Cancer: From Theory to Therapy - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and intervention trials in prostate cancer: from theory to therapy.
    Schwartz GG.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Feb;19(2):96-102. Epub 2008 Jul 10.
    PMID: 18619854
    doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.03.007

    This suggests that whereas vitamin D (e.g., cholecalciferol) might prevent prostate cancer, existing prostate tumors likely would require treatment with 1,25(OH)(2)D and/or its analogs. The major obstacle to the use of 1,25(OH)(2)D in patients therapeutically is the risk of hypercalcemia. Several maneuvers to reduce this risk, including pulse dosing and the use of less calcemic 1,25(OH)(2)D analogs, have been explored in Phase I-III clinical trials. Once merely a promise, vitamin D-based therapies for prostate cancer may soon be medical practice.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and cancer Ali MM, Vaidya V - J Can Res Ther 2007 Oct-Dec - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and cancer.
    Ali MM, Vaidya V.
    J Cancer Res Ther. 2007 Oct-Dec;3(4):225-30. Review.
    PMID: 18270398
    DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.38998
Matti Narkia

Shedding Light on Vitamin D and Cancer - 0 views

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    Vitamin D's days of obscurity seem pretty much over. Once just an afterthought to most people-relegated to the sides of milk cartons and the pages of medical texts-it's now on the cusp of becoming a full-fledged disease prevention star. Although vitamin D has long been known as an important factor in bone health, a quickly growing body of evidence now shows that it may also help lower the risk of cancer, heart disease, and even premature death.[1], [2] Not surprisingly, scientists and the public have started to take note, particularly of vitamin D's potential to protect against cancer
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