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Duane Sharrock

Triarchic Theory of Intelligence | Education.com - 1 views

  • Sternberg defined intelligence as mental activity central to one's life in real-world environments; individuals “succeed” in life when they use mental skills to adapt to, select, and shape external environments.
  • the Theory of Successful Intelligence
  • analytical (also referred to as componential); practical (also referred to as contextual) and creative (also referred to as experiential).
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  • the Aurora Battery
  • people in some cultures, such as Latinos, value and emphasize social functioning facets of intelligence more than other cultures, such as Anglos.
  • The Sternberg Triarchic Abilities Test, or the STAT. The STAT had three subtests, analytical, practical, and creative, and contained items in two formats, multiple choice and essays.
  • These studies provided compelling evidence that the focus on traditionally-defined cognitive abilities (i.e., interpreting intelligence through the so-called general factor of intelligence, or g, as something common to all tests of intelligence) underestimates the importance of practical and creative abilities in human cultures.
  • As the Director of the PACE (Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise) Center at Yale University, Sternberg worked with the College Board on developing a triarchic assessment, referred to as the Rainbow Assessment, augmenting the SAT
  • The second complementary stream of research, focused on the construct often called emotional intelligence, is associated with both Sternberg's theories (through his concept of practical intelligence) and Gardner's theories (through his concept of intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligences).
  • American psychologist Edward Thorn-dike (Thorndike, 1920), who used this term to refer to the skill of getting along with other people.
  • Although all three theories have been applied in the field of education, the Theory of Successful Intelligence appears to have accumulated the largest body of empirical evidence in its support.
  • The major points of criticism focus on the difficulties of reliably measuring “unconventional” (e.g., creative and practical) abilities and differentiating them psychometrically from abilities measured by more conventional tests of intelligence and achievement.
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    Sternberg defined intelligence as mental activity central to one's life in real-world environments; individuals "succeed" in life when they use mental skills to adapt to, select, and shape external environments. Correspondingly, in the late 1990s, Sternberg changed the name of the theory to the Theory of Successful Intelligence. As per its original name, the theory comprises three types of intelligence: analytical (also referred to as componential); practical (also referred to as contextual) and creative (also referred to as experiential).
  •  
    Sternberg defined intelligence as mental activity central to one's life in real-world environments; individuals "succeed" in life when they use mental skills to adapt to, select, and shape external environments. Correspondingly, in the late 1990s, Sternberg changed the name of the theory to the Theory of Successful Intelligence. As per its original name, the theory comprises three types of intelligence: analytical (also referred to as componential); practical (also referred to as contextual) and creative (also referred to as experiential).
thinkahol *

YouTube - Jeff Hawkins on Artificial Intelligence - Part 1/5 - 4 views

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    June 23, 2008 - The founder of Palm, Jeff Hawkins, solves the mystery of Artificial Intelligence and presents his theory at the RSA Conference 2008. He gives a brief tutorial on the neocortex and then explains how the brain stores memory and then describes how to use that knowledge to create artificial intelligence. This lecture is insightful and his theory will revolutionize computer science.
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