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Diane Gusa

The Application of Learning Style Theory in Higher Education Teaching - 0 views

  • A learning style is: "A complexus of related characteristics in which the whole is greater than its parts. Learning style is a gestalt combining internal and external operations derived from the individual's neurobiology, personality and development, and reflected in learner behaviour" (Keefe & Ferrell 1990, p. 16).
  • general tendency towards a particular learning approach displayed by an individual.
  • Riding & Cheema (1991), from an extensive review of the literature, conclude there are only two principal styles "families", the holist-analytic, and the verbaliser-imager. These two broad groupings relate to the type of cognitive activities normally ascribed to the two hemispheres of the brain. Curry (1983) suggests there are three different perspectives on styles: those relating to a preference for a particular instructional approach, those relating to the individual's intellectual approach to assimilating information independently of the environment, and those relating to the individual's intellectual approach to assimilating information with the environment.
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  • Dunn, Deckinger, Withers & Katzenstein (1990), who found that teaching students based on their diagnosed learning style did significantly increase their achievement level (see also Napolitano 1986).
  • Research indicates learning style is not a stable construct, so one may alter instructional style to meet a learning style that will itself change, requiring a further change in instructional strategy.
  • Researchers have failed to address the question of how it is possible to achieve a tailoring of instructional approaches on anything other than an individual level.
  • What may be possible is to promote an educational environment developed for flexibility at the individual student level.
  • What is required is a stimulus-stimulus approach, where the student and the lecturer are actively involved in both learning and the mechanics of the learning process, the aim being to facilitate learner empowerment by developing in students a critical awareness of material studied and the delivery and structure of the material. Learners can then tailor flexible education strategies to their requirements to optimise the quality of the learning experience.
  • his ability of an individual to actively select from a personal style or skills portfolio, is part of what can be termed self-directed learning
  • In an educational setting, a self-directed learner no longer operates as a passive receiver of information, but takes responsibility for the achievement, and ultimately setting, of learning outcomes. In essence, the traditional lecturer-student divide becomes increasingly blurred, as the learner begins to pro-actively structure the programme to match their own learning attributes.
  • facilitator, and finally to that of a resource to be tapped
  • lecturer's role
  • Under such an approach, higher education ceases to be simply something that is done to people, and becomes a platform from which individuals can go on to, in effect, educate themselves
  • "causer of learning".
  • This approach will tend to create learned helplessness in people
  • Higher education should be concerned with not only enhancing learning in a specific situation, but should also constitute a catalyst for further self-initiated development of the individual, above and beyond the contents and aims of a particular course. T
  • The lecturer must avoid removing traditional barriers to self-direction, such as a rigid programme structure, only to erect new barriers through the use of prescriptive self-direction strategies imposed on the student.
  • allow the individual the freedom to define and devise learning strategies, and to make mistakes. T
  • The role of the lecturer must be essentially non-interventionist, unless the student seeks guidance
  • as people may still not choose to direct their own learning due to: a lack of belief in their own ability, a failure by them to recognise that self-direction is needed or preferable, the setting of an inappropriate learning goal(s) that fails to act as a motivator, and previous learning and education experiences.
  • That educational system primarily tends to concentrate on didactic approaches that often view learning as being of secondary importance to memory, where information acquisition and subsequent information regurgitation predominate.
  • This will require that the lecturer breaks down barriers to learning and self-direction that may be present. This covers: those barriers created by the student during the course (wrong choice of learning approach, poor motivation, lack of confidence), those barriers that the course itself may indirectly create (lack of flexibility, lack of direction and guidance, poor structure), and those barriers that the student brings to the course (reason for attending the course, poor learning skills, previous bad learning experiences).
  • In the initial stages of a programme, the lecturer will need to ensure the existence of an appropriate control structure, as students undergo the transition from being other-directed in their learning by external influences, to being self-directed.
  • caffold structure
  • clearly communicated and understood aims and objectives for the students at regular intervals.
  • allows students to progressively take control of their learning,
  • but that also offers sufficient guidance and direction in the early stages to prevent individuals from becoming lost.
  • The application of learning style theory in higher education teaching
    • Diane Gusa
       
      This would take a very brave instructor to do this. However, I know of colleges (Goddard for one) that does exactly this in their graduate program.
Amy M

Barriers to Technology Use, Teachers' Tools for the 21st Century: A Report on Teachers' Use of Technology - 0 views

shared by Amy M on 25 Jun 12 - Cached
  • Availability of and Access to Computers and the Internet
  • Among the greatest barriers to the use of technology in instruction reported was lack of time.
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    Various barriers to teacher training and use of tech
Kristen Della

Creating and implementing successful online learning environments: a practitioner perspective - 0 views

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    Creating and implementing successful online learning environments: a practitioner perspective. This paper is about how we attempted to overcome barriers to the use of Computer Mediated Conferencing (CMC) for effective learning in Open University Business School (OUBS) courses and the implications for successful implementation. We begin with a brief overview of potential barriers and the ways in which we attempted to overcome them. We then expand on this in the remainder of the paper. This practitioner perspective is based on an action research study in the OUBS, involving 300 part time management tutors using CMC based on FirstClassTM software as part of their multi-media distance learning courses (Salmon & Giles 1999). The results reported in this paper are intended to be a guide to help practitioners to make the most of the pedagogic opportunities provided by CMC.
Kristen Della

Perspectives of Instruction - 0 views

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    By now, you should understand how to conduct a needs assessment and goal analysis, in order to determine the barrier to the optimum performance of your learner. Regardless of what kind of barrier you are dealing with, you, as the Instructional Designer, need to be able to put yourself in the learner's shoes. These three theories are used in the field of Instructional Design as guidelines for understanding how to develop instruction that will be most effective for the learner.
Diane Gusa

Education And Learning: A Paradigm Shift - Part 2 - How To Prepare Yourself For A Meaningful Life? - 0 views

  • Instead of collecting knowledge, discovering it. Instead of receiving it, trying to seek it, to answer some kind of questions, something that's meaningful to me.
  • For me to learn today is about being properly connected to other people, being able to find information when I want.
  • Having tools at my disposal that allow me to access different sources of information, and also having a network of people that enables me to reach out, ask questions when I need it.
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  • In a real very practical sense, my ability to connect to other people, is learning for me. My ability to find information sources through easy-to-use tools is learning for me. And ultimately, anything whether it's policy, government initiatives, copyright, or any other system that puts up barriers between me and my ability to connect to others and information, it is ultimately a barrier to my learning.
ian august

Clearswift's 'Web 2.0 in the Workplace' report launched | Dynamic Business - Small Business Advice - Forums | Dynamic Business Australia - 0 views

  • Independent international research undertaken by Clearswift in 2007 found that just 11% of global businesses were making use of Web 2.0 technologies such as Facebook and Salesforce.com
  • Three years on, the latest figures show over two-thirds of companies are allowing and encouraging the use of web collaboration or social media tools in the workplace.
  • Australian business users enjoy high use of Web 2.0 technologies, such as collaborative meeting, intranet, financial, CRM and social networking applications. However, they appear the least concerned about the security implications (at 53%) despite ranking second highest of respondents who have sent
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  • content via email or online applications they later regretted (29%).
  • however the research shows that half of managers believe that web collaboration te
  • ology is now ‘critical’ to the future success of their business.”
  • Barriers to adoption: Barriers to adoption of social media have shifted from productivity to focus on security, with 53 percent of companies concerned about security threats and 31 percent concerned about data breaches.
Irene Watts-Politza

Increasing Access to Higher Education: A study of the diffusion of online teaching among 913 college faculty | Shea | The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning - 0 views

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    This paper reports on research from 913 professors from community colleges, four-year colleges, and university centers in an attempt to determine potential barriers to the continued growth in adoption of online teaching in higher education. Four variables are significantly associated with faculty satisfaction and adoption or continuation of online teaching - levels of interaction in their online course, technical support, a positive learning experience in developing and teaching the course, and the discipline area in which they taught. Recommendations for institutional policy, faculty development, and further research are included.
Diana Cary

The foundations and assumptions of technology-enhanced student-centered learning environments - Springer - 0 views

  • Learning systems are needed that encourage divergent reasoning, problem solving, and critical thinking
  • With the emergence of technology, many barriers to implementing innovative alternatives may be overcom
  • Student-centered learning environments have been touted as a means to support such processes.
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  • With the emergence of technology, many barriers to implementing innovative alternatives may be overcome
  • Close Plain text Page 1
Jessica M

Enabling Students with Disabilities with Computing Interaction and Empowerment though Enhanced Strategic Instructional Course Design - 0 views

  • or many centuries, education has been focused on the learning of course content, but the learning styles of the students have been ignored .
  • While most of the academic approaches have been centered on the mastery of course content knowledge, not all learners learn in the same way.
  • As a result, different teaching techniques, strategies, and tools may be needed to help all students acquire, understand, and apply learning gained from the course content.
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  • visual learners were able to benefit from applications in PowerPoint and Flash Multi-Media technology.
  • students with disabilities are finding technology to be more enabling than disabling at times.
  • us, more students with disabilities are enrolling in online courses. O
  • Auditory learners could benefit from online classrooms with auditory lectures, Podcasts for students, as well as live chats
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    - need to teach students use of technology for future - work place - needs of different type of learners - online classes offer varying opportunities (accommodate different learning styles and strategies) - increase in students with disabilities enrolling in online courses - less barriers for students with disabilities
alexandra m. pickett

http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JCTE/v19n2/pdf/redmann.pdf - 0 views

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    Discusses the integration of technology in education, including barriers to success and implementation of the KOTRLIK/REDMANN TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION MODEL
Tina Bianchi

Computer Based Virtual Field Trips - 0 views

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    A report on the advantages and barriers of creating and using virtual field trips in the educational environment
Erin Fontaine

The Flipped Classroom Model: A Full Picture « User Generated Education - 0 views

  • Classrooms become laboratories or studios, and yet content delivery is preserved.
  • the benefits of video in the classroom:
  • idea exchange
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  • regardless of locations
  • allowing them to learn from the best sources
  • allowing them to progress at their own pace.
  • Allows them to meet students and teachers from around the world to experience their culture, language, ideas, and shared experiences.
  • ability to review parts that are misunderstood,
  • A major roadblock or barrier to the implementation of this model is that many educators do not know what to do within the classroom
  • They become hooked through personal connection to the experience and desire to create meaning for and about that experience (ala constructivist learning).
  • Students become interested in the topic because of the experience
  • It is the teacher’s responsibility to structure and organize a series of experiences which positively influence each individual’s potential future experiences
  • content-based presentations are controlled by the learner as opposed to the lecturer as would be the case in a live, synchronous, didactic-driven environment.
Anneke Chodan

Youth with Disabilities in the Foster Care System: Barriers to Success and Proposed Policy Solutions: National Council on Disability - 0 views

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    Source for information about the intersection between disability and out of home care experiences.
Diana Cary

Does Sense of Community Matter? - 1 views

  • The findings suggested that students felt a sense of belonging to a learning community when they took online courses in this program.
  • The existing technology may still be a barrier without the supportive structure to enhance bonding within the online community
Anne Deutsch

Wikipedia: Beneath the Surface - 0 views

  • This work is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
    • Anne Deutsch
       
      Good - no barriers to use
  • focuses on questions such as "what is a wiki?" "How does information get into Wikipedia in the first place?" and "Who creates it?"
    • Anne Deutsch
       
      Not only does it focus on questions, it encourages students to "dig deeper" - tying into two of our course themes!
    • Anne Deutsch
       
      This is a great video for my "working knowledge" section - it helps students understand both the benefits and drawbacks of Wikis and how to best use wikipedia for academic research.
efleonhardt

JOLT - Journal of Online Learning and Teaching - 0 views

  • Classroom community and student engagement are closely related to one another
  • sense of connectedness and psychological closeness rather than isolation are better prepared to become more actively involved with online learning and the resulting higher order thinking and knowledge building
  • text-based experiences are likely insufficient for participants to break down the barriers created by distance and the lack of face-to-face interaction.
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  • emphasized the need for instructors to validate all student perspectives, as well as acknowledge differing beliefs and biases, to create a safe and welcoming community that helps students become “more engaged and feel more interconnected”
  • who provide a structured and comfortable classroom environment that involves the participation of everyone in the learning activities
  • thoughtful care for instructors to help students become engaged in their learning and to design virtual classrooms that enhance a sense of community
  • carefully plan ways for students to interact, students can focus on achieving course learning goals
  • focus primarily on academic content and not as much on meaningful, interpersonal connections.
  • such as Facebook, twittering and blogging, might increase the social presence of all of the students as well as the teaching presence of the instructor.
  • collaborative decision-making related to communication protocols, and required and ongoing student postings in online discussions
  • instructors need to find ways to help students feel more strongly connected with each other and with the instructor and to facilitate activities that more actively involve students in their own learning.
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