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Nathan Kench

Lecture 6: The Athenian Origins of Direct Democracy - 0 views

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    developed their control over the Peloponnesus, the city-state of Athens
    controlled the area of the Attic Peninsula, to the east and northeast of Sparta.
    Athens was similar to other city-states of the period of the Greek Renaissance
    with two important differences: (1) it was larger both geographically and in
    terms of its population and (2) those people it conquered were not reduced to
    servitude - this was the rule at Sparta. So, Athens never faced the problem of
    trying to control a large population of angry and sometimes violent subjects.
    This also explains why Sparta had to remain an intensely militaristic state.

    Around the year 600 B.C., and while Lycurgus was reforming the legal system
    of the Spartan state, Athens faced a deepening political crisis. Those farmers
    who supplied the city-state with food could not keep up with demand because the
    Athenian population had grown too quickly. Farmers began to trade their land to
    obtain food and quickly went bankrupt as they traded away their last piece of
    land. The crisis was solved in 594 B.C. when the Athenians gave control over to

    Solon
    (c.640-c.559
    B.C.), a former high official. In his role as archon, Solon cancelled all
    agricultural debts and announced that all slaves were free. He also passed
    constitutional reforms that divided Athenian subjects into four classes based on
    their annual agricultural production rather than birth. Members of the three
    highest orders could hold public office.

    Solon's system excluded all those people who did not own any productive land
    - women, children, slaves, resident aliens, artisans and merchants. However,
    with the constitutional reforms of Solon, men from newer and less-established
    families could work their way up economically and achieve positions of political
    leadership. Solon did not end the agricultural crisis in Greece and so factional
    strife remained.

    In 561, the former military leader
    Pisistratus

    (c.600-527 B
David Hilton

Essay research - 64 views

Hello again munchkins! I've posted up a sheet going through some ways to evaluate sources in your essay without messing with your 'flow'. Go to scoodle and have a look at it for some tips on makin...

essay greece primary sources research

Nathan Kench

Democracy begins at Athens - 0 views

    • Nathan Kench
       
      this site has alot of info that backs up other sources.
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    From Solon to Cleisthenes
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